Hydroponics for practically any plant growing is a great way and it is not complicated. It’s something that is growing in popularity. Place the plant roots into the water rather than sitting them in soil. An alternative medium can be used that takes the place of the soil likes perlite or coconut husks in the seat. Plants get the required organic nutrients from the plant food that is added to the water.
The matter of fact is that you can control plant nutrients and give the plants the exact amount of hydroponics nutrients required for the perfect growth and to get better yields. You can ensure that every plant gets the required nutrients at every stage of its life whenever it is necessary. Growing in a hydroponics environment is much easier than growing in soil medium. It makes it very easy to avoid common pest and diseases problems normally people face while growing in soil.
Reasons for the growing popularity of hydroponic gardening
Many people have taken up gardening as hobby and are growing vegetables and herbs for then own use. People prefer fresh food than buying contaminated food from the super markets. Indoor Vegetable gardening normally isn’t easy as takes a lot of space, but since hydroponic systems are easy to install and take very less space, people prefer hydroponic growing.
Various Hydroponics Systems: -
Deep water culture
Deep water culture hydroponic system is the simplest method of hydroponics, in which the plant roots are suspended to grow in a solution of nutrient-rich, oxygenated water in a deep or shallow reservoir
Static solution culture
In static solution culture, plants are grown in containers of nutrient solution, such as glass Mason jars, plastic buckets, tubs, or tanks. The solution is usually gently aerated but may be un-aerated.
Continuous-flow solution culture
In continuous-flow solution culture, the nutrient solution constantly flows past the roots. It is much easier to automate than the static solution culture because sampling and adjustments to the temperature and nutrient concentrations can be made in a large storage tank that has potential to serve thousands of plants.
Aeroponics is a system wherein roots are continuously or discontinuously kept in an environment saturated with fine drops (a mist or aerosol) of nutrient solution. The method requires no substrate and entails growing plants with their roots suspended in a deep air or growth chamber with the roots periodically wetted with a fine mist of atomized nutrients
Passive sub-irrigation, also known as passive hydroponics or semi-hydroponics, is a method wherein plants are grown in an inert porous medium that transports water and fertilizer to the roots by capillary action from a separate reservoir as necessary, reducing labour and providing a constant supply of water to the roots.
Ebb and flow or flood and drain sub-irrigation
In its simplest form, there is a tray above a reservoir of nutrient solution. Either the tray is filled with growing medium (clay granules being the most common) and planted directly or pots of medium stand in the tray.
Run to waste
In a run to waste system, nutrient and water solution is periodically applied to the medium surface. This may be done in its simplest form, by manually applying a nutrient-and-water solution one or more times per day in a container of inert growing media, such as rockwool, perlite, vermiculite, coco fibre, or sand.
Filed Under: Hydroponics